Human Anatomy and Physiology
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Quiz
Urinary System

1. The kidneys
help regulate blood volume.
help control blood pressure.
help control pH.
All of the above are correct.

2. The location of the kidneys in relationship to the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is referre to as
retroperitoneal.
retroabdominal.
posterior.
dorsal.

3. All of the following belong to the urinary system EXCEPT the
urethra.
ureter.
bladder.
prostate.

4. The functional unit of the kidney is called a
glomerulus.
nephron.
corpuscle.
calyx.

5. Most glucose molecules are reabsorbed in the
proximal convoluted tubules.
distal convoluted tubules.
collecting ducts.
loop of Henle.

6. Which of the following substances can be eliminated from the blood by tubular secretions?
potassium ions
hydrogen ions
ammonium ions
All of the above.

7. The structure that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder is the
ureter.
urethra.
renal pelvis.
collecting duct.

8. Urine is expelled from the urinary bladder by
excretion.
defecation.
micturition.
filtration.

9. All the following are principle solutes of urine EXCEPT
urea.
creatinine.
glycogen.
uric acid.

10. Which of the following hormones increase reabsorption of water in the collecting ducts?
renin.
ADH.
aldosterone.
insulin.

Score =
Correct answers:

 

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